Concentration Requirements

As part of the 16 units of qualifying courses, each student in the IP Concentration must complete a capstone or experiential course. This may consist of an externship in a related industry or advocacy placement, or an IP-related moot court, colloquium or skills course. Students with work experience in IP, that otherwise would be duplicated by an experiential course, may waive out of the requirement upon approval by the Concentration adviser.

  1. To be eligible to take the patent bar (required for practice before the Patent Office) a student must typically have a degree (or minimum coursework) in science or engineering. However, no technical background is needed for other areas of patent law such as patent litigation or transactional work. Find more details here.
  2. To qualify for a waiver, work experience that is not part of the Loyola curriculum requires faculty supervision as an externship. Unit credit will not be awarded for work experience.

All concentration students must also complete an IP Research Component before graduation. The requirement may be fulfilled either by: a) taking Advanced Legal Research, which will be customized for IP research, or b) going through the online videos and research exercises that have been specially developed for IP concentration students. Students who select option a) will receive academic credit (2 units) for the course, but these units do not count toward the 16 required units for the concentration. Option b) does not provide academic credit, but should take no more than 6-8 hours to complete and can be completed at your convenience.

To access the IP Research exercises, sign on to using your Loyola email credentials and click on the IPR tab at top. The tab will appear only for students who have registered for the IP concentration. 

Required and Qualifying Courses1

A minimum of 16 units in qualifying courses is required for completion of the IP Concentration. Students must take the minimum number of units noted in each category below. Units taken beyond the maximum for the category will not count for concentration purposes, although they will count toward the JD degree. Only some of these courses satisfy the Patent and Technology Sub-Concentrationii. Courses in italics and other qualifying courses may be offered in future years. See the endnotes for further information.

Core Courses (5-9 units)iii

Key Electives (3-9 units)

Other Electives (3-6 units)

Capstones (1 required)xi

  • Copyright Moot Court
  • Directed Research (1 - 2)
  • Federal Court Externshipxii
  • Giles Rich Patent Moot Court
  • IP Externship/Internshipxiii 
  • IP Honors Colloquium (2)
  • IP Seminar - Advanced Topics (2)
  • Litigating a Copyright Case Seminar
  • Patent Prosecution Practicum (3) xiv
  • Right of Publicity Seminar
  • Saul Lefkowitz Trademark Moot Court
  • USPTO Patent Experience Extern Program (0-6)xv 

iAny course listed counts for the Concentration, subject to the minimum and maximum noted per category.

iiTo qualify for the Patent/Technology Sub-concentration, students must take a minimum of 12 qualifying units. See Patent/Tech page for more information.

iiiAll concentration students must take at least two of the basic courses (Antitrust, Copyright, Trademark or Patent). 

ivMay be offered as Antitrust in a Global Context. Any of the Antitrust electives may substitute for this course. Only 1 Antitrust class can be counted toward the concentration. Global Antitrust has also been offered as Comparative Antitrust some semesters.

vThis course may be taken either as a 1st year elective or upper-level course, but not both.

viThis course may be taken either as a 1st year elective or upper class course, but not both. It may not be taken after completion of Copyright, Patent or Trademark Law.

viiAlternatively offered as Licensing & Technology Transfer.

viiiOnly 1 of the Fashion Law courses may count toward the IP concentration.

ixMay be offered as a 2-unit seminar.

xMay be offered as “Taxation of Intellectual Property.”

xiAny Capstone course may be counted as Other Elective instead of Capstone, at student’s discretion, so long as Capstone requirement is otherwise satisfied.

xiiCounts toward Patent/Technology Sub-Concentration if in chambers of a District Judge participating in the Patent Pilot Program.

xiiiExternship must be pre-approved by Faculty Advisor to count toward the concentration or sub-concentrations.

xivPatent Law or Introduction to Intellectual Property is a prerequisite.  This course is highly recommended for students intending to take the Patent Bar.  Admission to the Patent Bar is required to practice in patent cases before the US Patent & Trademark Office. See  for further information.  Ordinarily, a science or engineering degree or background is required.  Students can take the patent bar while still in law school, and begin practice as a Patent Agent.  Other than practicing before the PTO, no other area of IP (including patent litigation and transactional work) requires a technical background.

xvThis externship is offered only at the US Patent & Trademark Office, in Alexandria, VA. Students can earn up to 6 credit units for successful completion.